Saturday, November 18, 2017

OVERTREATMENT - Who's guilty/? Who suffers?


Rich Duzak, MD on TW referred to this article/study:

https://mobile.nytimes.com/2017/09/06/well/live/health-care-overtreatment-doctor-survey.html?utm_content=buffer0dd92&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer;

Overtreatment is Common, Doctors Say, which referred me to;

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0181970 Findings were that "over 20% of all medical care" was unnecessary"

Their numbers were specific enough to make me examine some of my past care memories:

"22.0% of prescription medications",  
Yes, I did leave a doctor due to too many RXs for pain killers, and no RX for physical therapy.  Have you ever left a doctor for prescription reasons?


"24.9% of tests"
Cancer has come into my life more than once, but I'm inclined to believe the endless biopsies I've received were probably all necessary, and so was a slight surgery performed during one biosy.

One of my current MDs agrees with my negative opinion of a certain test I took, and agreed with me Rabout another that I don't want.  Recently my primary MD gave me a chest Xray because my allergy cough was so bad I couldn't drive.

Have you ever left a doctor because you felt you were getting too many tests?

And here's no surprise:  The doctors responding to the study were not the first to blame part of the #s of tests on pt demand.
Have you ever "forced" your doctor into a test he didn't think was needed except to let you win or calm you down?

 "and 11.1% of procedures."  
This one made me a little queasy:  More than a little.  Most procedures are just plain NOT reversible. More scary, they can leave us in worse shape than before, or (face it) dead.

Then the AHA! moment:  "More than 70 percent of doctors conceded that physicians are more likely to perform unnecessary procedures when they profit from them,"

And they give specifics, like unnecessary spine surgery (I think mine was probably necessary, but I've read often of others that were not and are not necessary.)

The study senior author, Dr. Martin A. Makary, a professor of surgery at Johns Hopkins., mentioned a couple other typical surgeries that may often be unnecessary. 
In all my reading, better training is all I remember ever seeing suggested to lower these figures.

In a strange town, or after an accident, we may need more safe choices.  
Has your doctor ever mentioned this overtreatment problem?  Has he ever told you that a surgery you suggested (or insisted on) for yourself was unnecessary?

But surrounded by familiar faces, how do we know what's necessary?   Oh...

The Second Opinion?




Friday, October 27, 2017

ATTITUDE ADJUSTER COFFEE BREAK

New in town, I sulked my way thru a huge grocery market.  Why don't they have the food I always bought at home in L.A.  You know, regular food!

Then, out of the corner of my eye, I noticed a pair of silver shoes - not your ordinary silver shoes. Not silver sneakers.  Glittering, new, company-for-dinner-flatware, blingding, fairy-tale movie, smooth leather slides.  I wanted to laugh, sneaked a look at the wearer to see if I might get slapped. We both smiled, then laughed.

The gorgeous young woman said "I was almost afraid to wear them." 

I assured her it was the perfect decision, and insisted:  There are times when it takes such a completely unlikely, unimagined, fun perspective to blast away a clunky, who-needs-this kind of a morning.

I wish you smiles.

Tuesday, October 17, 2017

MAYBE WE WON'T GET THE DOCTOR WE NEED




  Writing the Surgery post, I got a short reprieve from the real picture. I thought those steps and sources and questions would help us get the doctor we want.  Then a 5 yr old NY article re-issued re  Twitter, from one of our most famous doctors, threw cold water on my hopes.

Dr. Atul  Gawande sees our chances of getting an excellent doctor as definitely not guaranteed.  The article, THE HEALTHCARE BELL CURVE is subtitled "What happens when patients find out how good their doctors really are/"  And as I read on, it seemed to I had to face ..or how good they aren't.  Dr. Gawande, as he makes clear in his book, BEING MORTAL does not sit in an ivory tower and tell us what to think.  He travels to the places where medicine is or is not practiced in excellence.

He draws us in with the first chapter of a story of  a sick little girl, Annie; who we find has been taken to the famous hospital that is the very wrong one for her. 

Then we learn why it's so tough to find a find doctor:  The Bell Curve--how does it look?  "What you tend to find is a bell curve: a handful of teams with disturbingly poor outcomes for their patients, a handful with remarkably good results, and a great undistinguished middle."
 He doesn't expect complete perfection nor movie miracles in impossible situations.
  "What one really wants to know is how we perform in typical circumstances.   After I’ve taken out a thyroid cancer, how often do my patients have serious avoidable complications? How do my results compare with those of other surgeons?"


How can we stay away from the poor or worse ones?  He tells us it's not easy to get the facts: 
The results of their treatments is hard to get - in some cases hospitals and specific illness groups don''t always keep track.  And keeping track is hard to do, in part because of privacy laws.

Attempts to keep score by number of deaths also doesn't impress him--there are emergencies and uncommon variances.  But sometimes differences by hospital, for example, are unexpectedly dramatic.  "A Scottish study of patients with treatable colon cancer found that the ten-year survival rate ranged from a high of sixty-three per cent to a low of twenty per cent, depending on the surgeon."  And that's not the only disease with scary differences.


Maybe the doctor we're considering doesn't even know where he is on the curve - so what will we get when we ask? 

WHAT TO DO WHEN WE SEE HOW FEW MAY HAVE RIGHT ANSWERS?

If you don't want to read the whole story of records & and improvements in CF, Annie's disease, at least you might like the story of how a CF doctor in Gawande's "good" example, deals with a very young patient who's been backsliding, and how he makes a deal with her, and gets her back to safe self-care.

It's a happy ending.  Shows us in an action what can be done.  But where does such care fit into  our  fifteen-minute MD visits?

Of course, we want good hospitals,and good doctors who have the best knowledge, and who can think. 

We can't just hold on, live with that cancer or whatever we suffer from, until our medical schools turn out more greats, and the answers:  my brother died while doctors admitted they were keeping him alive until a better cure became available.  We want more hospitals that let the best doctors do what they need to do, when they need to do it.  

Please. 

Sunday, September 24, 2017

SURGERY? WHO YOU GONNA CALL? Real help



Surgery!     .  You may already be a surgeon's office.  You called  because something is very wrong. .   The surgeon who is talking to you now may already have a plan.     .He (or she) starts talking about what will happen.  This can make us think it's decided. But we must ask our questions, answer some of his, and be prepared

 To say that's all we can handle for today
 To tell him we will want a second opinion.  
To stand up, thank him and 
Walk out.

Surgery for most is permanent and risky.  Do-Overs do not fix what's been done, and we won't get 0ur money back. If you don't read all this, please at least read the last section.

A recent AARP  article "PICK THE RIGHT SURGEON subtitled Act as if your you choice is a life or death decision--because often, it is."  convinced me to work on this.  The writer, Linda Marsa emphasizes that any thing with knives can have "life-threatening complications."

Some state medical groups police their doctors.  My state medical board has punished some.  But doctors don't always police themselves.   A pub-med article lately said some doctors don't reveal bad doctors because they think... nothing would be done about it, or there's a "fear of retribution." https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20628132

The good news: her quote from ProPublica:

  "One group of 756 highly active surgeons
 didn't have a single complication over five years."

Later Marsa suggests such great results should happen oftener, quotes a study for one kind of surgery, death rates 4xhigher for those who performed fewest of a certain surgery compared to those who performed the most.  (Doctors have even tweeted that doing a certain number of times counts.)

Also she ssays MBJ finds that specializing in one demanding complex surgery type "significantly cut the risk of complications and mortality."  So we ask a lot of questions like: how often, and is it your specialty?

She also has other places to search:

For credentials, the Federation of State Medical Boards has fsmb.org.  Click Consumer Resources
     For reprimands -for $9 they will give you disciplinary history
     Some state med boards have doctor profiles fsmb.org/policy/contacts
For  surgical board certification, certification matters.org, or call: 866-ASK-ASMS.
For specific errors, Consumers Checkbook or Pro Publica.  Remember some doctors take on very difficult patients which may affect their success numbers, while others take the easy ones. 

MD Referrals:  With the spine surgery - my primary doctor  knew everybody. I took his suggestion, and the spine has been great.  But another time I didn't take his first choice because I had met that surgeon and didn't like him. And my rule is:

Nobody I don't like is cutting me!  Period. 

 If you are new in town, you may not even have a doctor or a few friends to ask for recommendations.  If you're working, there might be someone you could cautiously ask.
A co-worker led me to  my beloved L.A. doctor.

 At the dentist, in the mammography place, in the drug store, keep your ears open:  I was lying on a gurney in the hospital hall once when a nurse saw the ticket on my gurney: Ooh!  You got Dr. G.  He does fancy!   Yes, Marsa admits - hospitals don't always kick out bad surgeons.

She suggests "Identify surgeons approved by your insurer."  I haven't tried that.

So it is possible to get a good one.  One more suggestion:

The hospital referred me to the solo lumpectomy surgeon. He did a good job, answered questions, told me I didn't have to do anything further, showed me my path report, gave me referrals including the oncologist I love.


Once you've got a name or three,  Do Not Skip This Section.  This is where we pin down the surgery facts way before our Yes or No.

 HOW TO INTERVIEW A SURGEON.    
Ask and persist until you get answers:

Can this be done with minimally invasive surgery - like laparoscopy or...?
What percentage of these involve open surgery?
What percentage of these have complications?
 Is hospitalization involved?
Do you specialize in this surgery? 
How many of these have you done?
What are my risks?  And above all...

DO I NEED THIS SURGERY AT ALL?  

Then as Dr. Cedrek McFadden's Tweeted:
"If no common ground or respect is found, move on." @cedrekmd


Sunday, September 17, 2017

A QUOTE I WILL KEEP - MIDNIGHT SPECIAL



Engineer, Air Force brigadier general, and surgeon: Michael Yaszemski, M.D., Ph.D., re time after last rites as he awaited surgery:

“I flipped a coin and it stayed up on the living side,”



 Mayo Clinic Discovory's Edge This week



Saturday, September 16, 2017

COLD MEDICINE - what's in it, good or not so good - COFFEE BREAK

On twitter this morning:  on a site Compound Interest

A picture chart (whatever they call them now) on what's in cold medicine and how does it work by Andy Brunning

You can see the picture on..... click this:







http://cen.acs.org/articles/93/i45/Periodic-Graphics-Chemistry-Cold-Medicines.html

I wish you health

Friday, September 8, 2017

TODAY'S COFFEE BREAK QUOTE:


"If you’re paid by the test, you’ll conduct more tests."

A little thought for our coloring books of what's wrong with our health system


https://www.forbes.com/sites/glennllopis/2017/09/06/value-based-healthcare-models-demand-inclusion-and-individuality/amp/

Thursday, September 7, 2017

NHS RATIONING TREATMENT THAT STALLS BREAST CANCER?

 A couple of women on Twitter drew attention the past week to this September 1 article in Telegraph by Laura Donnelly.

NHS rationing bodies refuse to fund treatment which stalls breast cancer 

According to the article, The National Institute of Health and Care Excellence said there was a lack of evidence to prove that the drug called fulvestrant extended lives.   

Studies that said fulvestrant "stalls the cancer’s growth by around three months" were seen as weak on research. 

Also NHS  feel it is too expensive compared to other available drugs. So over a thousand women will apparently not get the drug until it is studied further. 

The article says Fulvestrant is "licensed for women with oestrogen-receptor positive cancer, who have not already had other forms of hormonal treatment."  (my bolding)

Right there I began to find different takes on the drug as used in the states.

 Medline Plus for instance seems to find different rules on who is eligible here for the drug:  

"Fulvestrant is used to treat hormone receptor positive breast cancer (breast cancer that depends on hormones such as estrogen to grow) in women who have experienced menopause (change of life; end of monthly menstrual periods) " and whose breast cancer has worsened after they were treated with antiestrogen medications such as tamoxifen (Nolvadex). (Bolding mine.)
   
Fulvestrant is also used in combination with palbociclib (Ibrance®) to treat hormone receptor positive breast cancer in women whose breast cancer has worsened after they were treated with antiestrogen medications such as tamoxifen (Nolvadex)."

Also "Fulvestrant is in a class of medications called estrogen receptor antagonists. It works by blocking the action of estrogen on cancer cells. This can slow or stop the growth of some breast tumors that need estrogen to grow."

More specifics from cancer.gov:
https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/drugs/fulvestrant:
"Fulvestrant is approved to treat:  Breast cancer in postmenopausal women. It is used in patients with estrogen receptor positive breast cancer that has metastasized (spread to other parts of the body) after treatment with other antiestrogens."   There it is again!  Not for use here as a woman's first antiestrogen. 
So  who should get it as the first antiestrogen, and who should not.
Aside from who should get it, I found notes on what it does from   
https://www.cancer.gov/types/breast/breast-hormone-therapy-fact-sheet

On this site, Tamoxifen, which I take, is explained  as a SERM -  drugs that bind to estrogen receptors, keeping estrogen from binding with them.  Serms are also versatile, acting as estrogen agonists in other parts of the body.  
BUT Faslodex/fulvestrant is presented as a different substance entirely:  "However, unlike SERMs, fulvestrant has no estrogen agonist effects. It is a pure antiestrogen.
 In addition, when fulvestrant binds to the estrogen receptor, the receptor is targeted for destruction."    (my bolding)

Those last three powerful words from an American site might be interpreted as hope or ammunition for argument by the women who are protesting the refusal to use fulvestrant without more testing.  

Who is right?  How could we ever know?  

Wednesday, August 23, 2017

THIS TIME

When Rik was dying, we were neighbors.  I could hold her hand for hours if she wanted.

Judy is far away.  Can  you send a holding hand by mail?

Maybe she has more time
     at least this time...

Monday, August 21, 2017

MAKE YOUR OWN MEDICAL RECORDS - Before the doctor's office...


Recently I had the mother of all sinus allergy attacks.  I was actually coughing and sneezing too hard to drive.  It taught me that a tissue in each hand can make me forget all I need to say.  Things like what to tell the doctor and what to ask the doctor.  And showed me how careless I’ve been.  Even with my rules:

Keep meds list updated
I update my grocery list daily. But Meds list - the really important one - not very well.   
Mine didn’t have my new eye meds on it.  And it was too complicated. Need to simplify.  Since I’m absentminded, I leave on it some meds I no longer take (with a line through them.)  Just in case somebody wants to give me an Rx that once caused me trouble. Or one I’m really allergic to.

Take your meds list everywhere including to the doctor’s office and drugstore.
The doctor and the med assistant may need to scan it (It’s amazing how office computers eat half or all of my file including pills & meds (like the ones I don’t dare take.) If you drive, a current meds list in your glove box might be worth doing - might copy mine & put it in today. And keep a current one in whatever bag you take with you for a hospital test, especially  outpatient surgery.
 .
Take a list of the questions you should ask (especially if I’m too sick to pay good attention)
Questions like:
What’s wrong with me?

Why do I need this test.    How much will it cost?
 (I asked why a chest Xray, should have mentioned I’ve had a five-year pneumonia shot.)

What medicine(s) are you giving me?    Is it expensive?
Is it a pill. Or pills?  How do I take it (some pills I can’t take) He explained.  (More on that later.)
What does it look like?  He showed me the little packs
Is it a steroid?   Since I took them, I’ve had reasons to wish I had asked that question!!

Write down what he says
If you’re as old as I am, you may hate having your daughter go in with you to see him, but my daughter’s writing is readable, MINE? NOT SO MUCH.  And she asks intelligent questions.  (If your doctor looks AT AND TALKS TO your daughter instead of to you, you can ask plainly to be spoken to directly. (Some doctors have not learned that.)

It’s hard to make myself ask these questions.  But I know asking could save me.   Drugstores, and busy doctors, even mine, are not perfect .)

In the past I have been sent home with the wrong labels on pills. (Luckily I knew what they should look like).
I have also been sent home with wrong, incomplete or missing instructions.  Some pill bottles are so small that instructions are on a sticky flap that falls off way too soon. You may have had that experience.

Yes, people even a lot younger than I am, take off glasses or contacts, and just think they know which bottle is which.  And yes, some people can’t afford the glasses they need to read microscopic drug store label print. A friend bought a 4-inch flat magnifier for those occasions.

 I don’t want to take the wrong pill, or take any pill four times a day instead of one time.

 I have a shiny red folder for each doctor for all this stuff.  It cost almost nothing.  Do it.



Thursday, August 17, 2017

Breast Cells discovery on Twitter


"Researchers Identify Estrogen Receptor Stem Cells In The Mammary Gland"

Monday, July 31, 2017

ALLERGIES, STEROIDS and AFTER-SHOCK



I’ve always had allergies.  When I was a little kid they called them colds. As an adult, only time I didn’t have them was during my wonderful 19 months living at a California beach.  I moved; they came back. The doctor was baffled. They seemed too bad to be allergies.

Then I moved to TX.  And for the first time, the whole nasal thing got infected.  Antibiotics. They cut the infection, not the endless sneeze/cough, runny nose.    

The second year, it was worse. So much coughing and sneezing I couldn’t drive.  The doctor said he'd send two scrips - each day I'd take fewer pills, and in a week I'd be done.  I got two tiny boxes.

When I unwrapped the fashionable “pacs” the first was a Prednisone compound.  No. Uh-uh.  Back in the box. But I was miserable, so I took them.  The antibiotic was amazing.   The steroids were not. The coughing kept on until the tissue showed a few traces of blood with the cough.  After several phone calls, I got the promised cough syrup.  Not enough help. The doctor’s office called and asked if the meds worked. I told them I was at the same place I would have been without the meds.


Mom used to say after disappointing medicine 
 "Either this stuff is no good, or I would have died without it." Hmm.

About a week after the steroids were all gone, the Surprises began.

Suddenly I got red areas sort of like athletes foot ON my palms.  (I have blepharitis- Try taking care of your eye infection with that on your palms!  Put on clotrimazole.)

Same week, I had too many errand in the hot, hot car and no place to park in the shade.  When I got home, the sweaty area at the edges of my hair, and on my neck itched wildly. I got patches of streaky itchy hives and even a couple of bumps. The next day, I still had big itchy red areas when I woke up.

I remembered a dermatologist’s words when I was very young:

..."I think you’re allergic to your own sweat."

 I combed the web.  New words:  

  http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1049978-overview?the > Dermatology

Cholinergic Urticaria

Updated: Apr 04, 2017 Author: Robert A Schwartz, MD, MPH; 
“Cholinergic urticaria is one of the physical urticarias brought on by a physical stimulus. Although this stimulus might be considered to be heat, the actual precipitating cause is sweating.” 
I changed my routine, stayed in during most of the day   .But I had to make a decision:

I’m due for the next Prolia injection.  Prolia admits even on the web site, that it CAN affect the immune system.  Feeling nervous, I cancelled the Priola for now.  

Steroids should slow the immune system when it over-reacts to something simple.       But HOW long until the immune system is BACK TO NORMAL?,   

Go back to the doctor?  I don't want to be in any med waiting rooms with sick folk. I wear a med mask to the grocery store.  Scared?  I didn't go to Starbucks for a month!  And when I did get there, suddenly a big group came in.  I was too freaked out to stay  

Home –lifestyle?  I can't get the indoor humidity below the upper 50s, which is not good for respiratory problems.  And I itch.





  


Friday, July 21, 2017

BREATHING EXPERIMENTS and a Surprise Kindness


Ever since I moved here, I've had a silent, internal battle with the yard maintenance crew.  More than half of every Friday, their machinery, some of it oversized scatters dirt and whatever pollen for my allergies to inhale.  So I stay indoors.

This morning, after a month of scary allergies and scary meds, I decided I had to walk.  So I rushed out to try for one lap before the yard guys would arrive.  I was almost back when I saw a friend coming with her walker, and heard the hated sound of a yard man starting some machine.

When friend and I started to chat, the machine was silent.  She went on.  He didn't start his machine.  We exchanged Good Mornings, and he didn't start the machine until put my allergy mask on and was well past him.  After I got inside, I was sure he waited out of courtesy for us.  One kindness like that can change my view for the day. (And once before one of the crew had shut down a machine when I approached with a tissue over my nose.  Sad how I forget those kind gestures.


Monday, July 17, 2017

FDA NEWS on BACKSTOP AGAINST HER2 Returning


FDA News Release  seen on TWitter

FDA approves new treatment to reduce the risk of breast cancer returning

For Immediate Release

July 17, 2017

Release

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Nerlynx (neratinib) for the extended adjuvant treatment of early-stage, HER2-positive breast cancer. For patients with this type of cancer, Nerlynx is the first extended adjuvant therapy, a form of therapy that is taken after an initial treatment to further lower the risk of the cancer coming back. Nerlynx is indicated for adult patients who have been previously treated with a regimen that includes the drug trastuzumab.

Tuesday, July 11, 2017

DRY BONES, RUNNY NOSE, WHO'S THE BOSS


My allergies were calm this morning just long enough for a question to rear its ugly head.

I've been checking the calendar so I won't miss the Prolia inj at the end of this month.

And I actually want) to take the next bone density test, but secretly plan it for after Prolia inj #4 has had a chance to work.

The question I shouldn't face right now is:  What if that right hip isn't better?

I've always been sure that I believe in Prolia.  But there are plenty of things patients and doctors believe in that turn out to be.....not infallible.)  I like Prolia, because I am impressed with how it works in the body.  Short version - it does its work and then goes away.

The pills on the other hand grip onto one's bones and may be hard to dislodge.  Like Bondo on a hole in your car (ask your boyfriend.  He may give you a lecture on cars, but he'll probably like that better than a plate of pancakes.  Okay, enough on Bondo.)

The doctor has already hinted that because I already had osteoporosis when I started Prolia, I may have to take more Prolia than these four shots.  Will I do that?

This question will not be answered until Prolia shot 4 has had a chance to act, and the density test results are out.  Probably in August.

Now my fear of authority figures is in play. He's the authority figure here. I feel guilty if I wait for the density test.  And  I still tend to think that if the doctor wants more Prolia, I'll have no choice.   That can be a dangerous attitude for a patient to get.

This was going to be a 3-sentence post.  Oops.  At this moment I don't know.  If the hip isn't better, I may agree to more Prolia.   Not because he's an authority figure, but because I trust him and want him as my doctor.

I still remember that first day in his waiting room when the woman said, "You have the good doctor!"




Friday, June 30, 2017

Bone Density check - bits of info Midnight Special


The other day reporting to a hospital for a chest x-ray (for allergies, big cough) I remembered I will be getting the two-year bone density scan that Medicare allows to find out if the Prolia I take actually works.

I kind of remembered the entry area and felt it's the same place I got my original density scan.  (Can't resist telling people that only my hips were scanned because there's lumbar fusion metal in my spine.)

Seems like the very same day I decided this was the place, I also ran into an online recommendation that we do go to the same place for a second scan.  This makes perfect sense to me - same room, probably same apparatus, same method and so on.  Most important to me:  May be the same Radiologic Tech as before!

The original scan of my right hip (the one thus diagnosed with osteoporosis) was a very uncomfortable process.  I just lay there and took it til it was over, then the Tech had no idea why I felt so uncomfortable.  I want more info on why that happened.  Especially if it hurts this next time.

As I've mentioned, I have a funny hip the won't do everything limber people do.

I want my next (maybe final) Prolia before the scan.  Let Prolia give its best shot to this hip; then we'll see.

Saturday, June 17, 2017

PROLIA and other questions pt 2 MIDNIGHT SPECIAL



Saw the doctor yesterday.  He told me that Prolia is a two-year program.  I decided not to worry about it.  Then he said since I had osteoporosis when I started, I might need Prolia more than this two years.  Then I DID decide to worry about it..  But so far, so good.  

 But is it working?  He will send me for a 2nd year scan.  He had no definite answer on why the first scan was so uncomfortable.  I do know I have a funny hip....will ask tech during next scan.

I told him I had no effects from the fall to my knees when the kid in the pickup was crowding me up against the sidewalk a couple of weeks ago.      I need the scan anyway.

The very weird discoloration after getting overheated, last week and the "full-body warm flashes" also seem to him normal (not sure if that's for my age instead of Tamox.)

I'll check with his office next week to see if I'm to get the bone scan before this 4th Prolia, or after. It may not matter either way.  Am kind interested to see if that right hip is significantly better.

I wish you health.

Wednesday, June 14, 2017

BONES - Care and feeding of


Tomorrow is my oncologist apptmt. (I really like him.)   Prolia is bound to enter the conversation. Two days ago I gave billing office entire Medicare deductible for year for Jan. Prolia inj.

I hate the things I don't know about Prolia.

   I don't know if the people referred to my dentist for ONJ were taking Prolia or the pills
   I don't know if Prolia is even strengthening my bones, since I haven't had another scan
   I don't know if science has learned more about possible effects on the rest of my body
   I don't know if there's more research since the 2012 NCBI article I've saved
   Have enough women been saved from fracture?

  I don't know whether to have the next Prolia injection.  I'm sure Dr. will want me to.  He doesn't want me to fall and break a bone.

Speaking of falls:  Mayo Clinic has put out much info on balance problems. They focus a lot on inner ear problems, and their balance team.  Physical therapy has done me much good without a team.
Balance problems can make me fall, and Prolia may/may not keep a bone from breaking.

OTHER THINGS MAKE ME FALL and RISK BONES

Culprits:
Muscle relaxant pills and strong pain pills
Dehydration fainting.  911 tech made me drink a bottle of water
Bad sandals with soles that's won't let me turn on smooth floors - almost fell
Bad shoes poorly made - my feet slide around in them or out of them
A little vertigo getting out of bed or off exam table at times (but I haven't fallen)
Mild vertigo but I haven't fallen if I suddenly look left and down.
Careless motorists (some but not all young) backing up without looking
Sudden changes in sidewalk or street or hallway floor level.
Sitting way too long and getting up stiff

Solutions:
A cane hooked on the nightstand for night walking
A chair near bed holds my flashlight
Some neat sox with extra padding if shoes seem too loose some days
Giving up wearing heels.
Remembering to pick up my feet since I need  a "throw" rug in kitchen door
Using the railing on stairs
Not using stairs when a heavy bag unbalances me
Shout if necessary, bang on fender when careless motorist backs toward  you
Walk as PTh told me - weight on f'wd heel, feet not too close together


A very smart lady lawyer  once said in an article on falling:


The worst cause of falls may be the FEAR of falling!

I'm sure that's true, because physical therapy had to cure my fear of going down stairs.

I wish you health.

Sunday, May 28, 2017

PREDICTIONS - WHAT TO TEST,, WHAT NOT

Thank Heaven my primary has a clue to this

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/880535?src=soc_tw_170528_mscpedt_news_mdscp_mdscp_lee

Friday, May 26, 2017

CANCER BREAKTHROUGH DRUG - and a clear look at exceptions

"In Bold Move, FDA Approves Cancer Drug For Any Advanced Tumor With Genetic Changes"  Forbes  Elaine Schattner 


I almost gave up on this article (which was on Twitter this week) because I'm not familiar with the disease types that may be helped.  

But the writing is so clear and important that I marched through the first two paragraphs.  And found the WHY of this important turning point:

"It suggests the agency may be ditching an archaic system for classifying cancers based on body partslike breast or liver or colon cancer—and instead will focus on molecular aspects of malignancies, qualities that render tumors 
vulnerable, or not, to targeted drugs."


We're talking about Keytruda.  And we've arrived at the possible problems and considerations;:


"The FDA cites data compiled from five non-randomized studies that support this drug’s effectiveness in various tumor types."  Generally, I hesitate when I see the words non-randomized studies.

Then: $Cost.  Big.  And high toxicity. 


Then two things I would hope for if it were my tumor, my body: physician's judgment.

And appropriateness/accuracy: 
"Distinct ways of checking tumors for these abnormalities could yield variable results."

Yes, a tough road, tough decisions.  

And I remember something beautiful I retweeted this week: with apologies to the original writer, 
something about the patient being the only one who knows all that's really going on in his body.


I wish you health.